Facts About Water Pollution
Why be concerned about facts about water pollution?
We all know that life started from the water and water is one of the most important sustaining factors of life. No life is possible without water.
At present, where the pollution of water has reached such high levels, there are still many people who are ignorant of the enormity of the situation. People are still hesitant to accept the fact that our rivers and oceans are in serious danger. This can be attributed to the fact that such people are generally ignorant of the frightening facts about water pollution.
Our oceans, rivers, lakes and other inland waters are being "compressed" by human activities — not that they now take up less space, but rather, their quality has been reduced. The contamination of water which makes it unfit for use is water pollution. Water pollution is the result of pollutants, generally in form of different chemicals which are released either directly or indirectly into the water bodies without the adequate treatment to remove their harmful effects.
To have a control on this problem, it is important that people are made aware of the facts related to water pollution. These facts about water pollution will make people realize the need to protect our water sources and the responsibility towards the nature and our coming generations.
Some eye-opening or shocking facts about water pollution:
- Water pollution is not only a huge ecological problem but also a huge health problem. It is believed that water pollution is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases responsible for around 15,000 deaths each day. About 20% of the world's population lacks access to safe drinking water and about 50% lacks adequate sanitation. In many developing countries, rivers downstream of large cities are little cleaner than open sewers.
- Rivers in the continent of Asia are considered to be the most polluted. The bacteria (from human waste) found in these rivers are 3 times as much as that of the global average.
- In Bangladesh, ground water is contaminated with arsenic. Arsenic is very toxic, acute poison and a carcinogen. Around 85% of the total area of Bangladesh has contaminated groundwater. In other words, over 1.2 million citizens of this nation are exposed to the hazardous effects of arsenic-contaminated water.
- Cruise ships are a major cause of water pollution. They release a million gallons of polluted water into the ocean and seas. Apart from this, they produce over 200,000 gallons of sewage, which is mostly dumped in the ocean. Cruise ships are also responsible for causing at least 35,000 gallons of water contamination due to the presence of oils, diesel fuel, and other pollutants.
- Toxic industrial wastes are regularly dumped into water bodies. These wastes contain heavy metals which seep into the water and are fatal to marine life. Using such water or consuming fish affected by heavy metals can lead to various health problems like cancer, infertility, birth defects and damaged immune systems.
- Plastic litter is also a major water pollutant, causing enormous destruction to marine life. It is believed that annually plastic litter is responsible for the deaths of more than 100,000 marine mammals, 1 million sea birds and countless fishes. Read about the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.
From these facts about water pollution, it is clear that water pollution is a big problem which we are facing today. With our freshwater bases consisting only 3% of global water resources, every drop counts. Acting now isn't a choice, but a must.
Read more water pollution facts.
Most appalling water pollution scenes
If you have ever witnessed water pollution scenes that are either disturbing or heart-wrenching, share photos of these pollution scenes with our readers, so that the photos may open the eyes of those who are still unmoved about the environmental problems of the world today.
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