Starting a Garden Organically
Starting a garden that is organic is not difficult.
An organic garden is very beneficial to the environment, as you will be staying away from chemical pesticides and fertilizers. You’ll also be saving money and have safer vegetables to harvest.
Starting a garden that is organic can be accomplished in just a few simple steps.
Choosing the type of garden and the garden site
The first thing you will need to do is to come up with a plan. Planning is probably the most important step when starting a garden, but is often the most overlooked.
If you have the benefit of flexibility over where your garden would be located, you can first decide on the type of organic garden you want (e.g. indoor garden, basic herb garden), then design your garden based on the conditions your plants would need.
However, if you have little choice about where your garden would be located (which is normally the case), then it is better to decide on the type of organic garden based on the conditions (e.g. amount of sunlight) available at the site.
For example, some herb or vegetable gardens will require at least six hours of sunshine a day. Conversely, some orchid species are best kept away from long hours of direct sunlight. Such requirements could therefore limit where you can locate your ideal garden.
For garden sites with little access to light, you might need to consider growing more indoor herbs and vegetable plants. Ask your local nursery about the types of plants that are suitable indoors, and make your pick from among the suitable range.
If you are growing your plants outdoor, you will need to consider how well your yard drains. Some herbs and vegetables prefer well drained soil. Outdoor garden sites should be protected from strong winds, but good air circulation is needed to minimize mildew.
Choosing the type of soil
Once you have a plan and a suitable site for starting a garden of your dreams, the next step is to test the soil. Different types of plants require different soil composition. For example, flowering plants like Helen’s Flower is able to flourish in clay soil, while shrubs like Mahonia grow better in silty soil.
You also need to ensure that your garden soil contains sufficient nutrients for the plants that you will be growing. One of the best ways to improve the quality of your soil is by adding compost as organic fertilizer. You can make your own or you can buy it from a garden center.
Purchasing the plants
This step in process of starting a garden is probably the most fun one. Consider visiting a nursery for advice on which plants will work best in your chosen garden site.
When buying plants, look for those which have been grown organically. This is because plants raised on chemicals might become “addicted” and show signs of stress when weaned off in your organic garden.
Watering your plants
Make sure to check with your nursery on the amount of water needed by your plants regularly. Some plants need more water than other. The climate that you are staying in also matters. Note that small potted plants lose more water from evaporation than the plant uses, so they need to be watered more regularly.
Once you get your plants home, give them some water. By keeping the roots moist, your plants will be less likely to suffer from dehydration and will be better adapted to the new surroundings. This is an important step especially for container-grown plants and trees. However, do be careful not to over-water them, because excessive water in the soil could lead to the roots rotting.
Maintaining your garden
After starting a garden, you need to put in effort to maintain it.
You can also look online for organic fertilizer recipes to accelerate the growth cycle of your plants, especially if you have flowering plants or vegetable plants. Keep away from conventional fertilizer if you can, as they can cause fertilizer pollution.
Keep the pests and weeds away from your organic garden using organic garden pest control and organic weed control. Conventional chemical pesticides not only harm your plants in the long term, but can also harm you, either through direct exposure to these harmful chemicals during gardening, or through the accumulation of chemicals in your body when you eat the vegetables that you grow. Read about the dangers of pesticides.
You may want to put up a small fence around your garden to keep animals like pet dogs away from your plants.
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